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PG TRB Computer Instructor Syllabus Download PDFimages

UNIT 1: COMPUTER SYSTEMS ARCHITECTURE
THE COMPUTER SYSTEM System buses: Computer Components, Computer function,Interconnection Structures. Internal Memory: Computer Memory System Overview, Cache Memory. Input/Output: External Devices, Direct Memory Access, The External Interface. Operating System Overview.

THE CENTRAL PROCESSING UNIT Computer Arithmetic: The Arithmetic and Logic Unit (ALU), Floating-point Arithmetic. Instruction Sets: Types of Operands, Types of Operation, Register Oranizaation, The Instruction Cycle.

UNIT 2: OPERATING SYSTEMS
Introduction: System software, OS strategies, multiprogramming, batch. Operating System Organization: basic OS function, kernals, device drivers. Device Manaement: buffering. Process Management: resource abstraction, process hierachy. Scheduling: Strategy selection. Synchronization Principles: deadlock, semaphors, multiprocessors. Deadlocks: hold and wait, Banker’s Algorithm, consumable resources. Memory Management: memory allocation strategies, variable partion. Protection and Security: internal access authorization.

UNIT 3: DIGITAL ELECTRONICS
Fundamental Concepts: NAND, NOR and Exclusive-OR operation, Boolean Algebra. Number system and Codes: Primary, Octal, Hexadecimal, Signed Numbers Codes. Combinational Logic Design: K-map representation of logical functions and simplification using K-map of 4 and 5 variables. Multiplexers, Decoders. Flip-Flops: Edge triggered flip flop.

UNIT 4: DATA STRUCTURES
Abstract data types and objects, graphical user interfaces; language support and OOP: inheritance, classes and subclasses, header files, overloading. Programming with Data structures: Stacks, queues, lists, trees and balanced binary trees, algorithms for searching and sorting and open office.

UNIT 5: PROGRAMMING IN C++
1. Object Oriented Programming: Data hiding, Data encapsulation, Class and Object, Abstract class and Concrete class, Polymorphism (Implementation of polymorphism using Function overloading as an example in C++); inheritance, Advantages of Object Oriented Programming over earlier programming methodologies.
2. Implementation of Object Oriented Programming concepts in C++: Members of a class-Data Members AND Member Functions (methods), inside class definition and outside class definition using scope resolution operator (::) Objects as function arguments-pass by value and pass by reference; Constructor and Destructor: Constructor: Declaration and Definition of a constructor, Default Constructor, Overloaded Constructors, Destructor: Declaration and definition of destructor, Inheritance (Extending Class): Concept of inheritance, Base Class, Derived Class, Defining derived classes, Multilevel inheritance and Multiple inheritance, Data File Handling: Reading and Manipulation of text from an already existing text File (accessing sequentially);
3. Pointers: Declaration and Initialization of Pointers: Dynamic memory allocation/ deallocation operators: new, delete; Pointers and Arrays: Array of Pointers, Function returning a pointer. Deference operator. *,->; self referential structures, Python, PHP;

UNIT 6: RELATIONAL DATABASE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
1. Database Management System Introduction to database concepts: Relation/ Table, Data, Concept of String Candidate key, Alternate key, Primary Key, Foreign Keys; Data Normalization-first, second, third, BCNF normal form; Examples of Commercially available Database Management System’s (Back-End) -MySQL, Examples of Front End Software’s Visual C++.
2. RDBMS Tools: Oracle. Classification of SQL Statements: DML (SELECT, INSERT, UPDATE, DELETE), SQL SELECT Statement: SQL SELECT statement, Selecting All the Columns, Selecting Specific Column, Column Heading Default, ; SELECT Statement Continued: Limiting Rows during selection (using WHERE clause), Logical Operators, Use of Logical Operators (AND/OR/NOT Operators), Logical Operator Precedence, ORDER BY Clause, Sorting in. Ascending/ Descending Order, ; Functions: SQL Functions, Types of SQL Function (Single Row/ Multiple Row), Character Functions UPPER () TRIM (), SUBSTR (), (ROUND (), TRUNC (), MOD() , Working with Dates [LAST_DAY0, MONTHS_BETWEEN(), ROUND(), Implicit and Explicit Conversion. Grouping records: Types of group functions MAX (), MIN (), AVG (), SUM(), COUNT (), using AVG and SUM. Functions, Group By Clause, Grouping By More than One Column, Having Clause. Sub Queries: Guidelines for Using Sub Queries, Types of Sub-Queries (Single Row and Multiple Row) Database Objects: DDL (Data Definition Language), , Creating Synonyms, Querying a View, Modifying a view. Including Constraints: UNIQUE KEY, PRIMARY KEY, FOREIGN KEY, FOREIGN KEY ; Creation of a Table/ Relation: CREATE TARLE Statement, Creating a Table by Using a Sub-Query: Managing Existing Tables and other Database Objects: The ALTER TABLE Statement, Adding a New Column in a Table, Dropping Tables;

UNIT 7: BUSINESS COMPUTING
integration of User Interface and Database; More application areas of Databases: Inventory control, Financial: Accounting, Fees Management System, Result Analysis System, Admission Management System, Income Tax Management System; Advance Program Development Methodology: System Development Life Cycle, Data Models (Entity Relationship Model), Attributes (Single, Composite and Multi- Valued), Relationship (One-to-One, One-to-Many and Many-to-Many SQL Statements, Data Dictionary, Data Warehousing, Data Mining.

UNIT 8: WEB DEVELOPMENT
HTML/ DHTML. Introduction, Objectives, introduction to Universal Resource Identifier (URI). Basic Tags of HTML: HTML, HEAD, TITLE, BODY, Ordered List-OL (L1, Type-1, 1, A, a; START, VALUE), Unordered List-UL (Bullet Type- Disc, Circle, Square, DL, DT, DD), Web Page Authoring Using HTML. Tables: Creating Tables, Border, WIDTH, CAPTION, ALIGN, Frames: Frameborder, height and width, Forms: Definition, MS-Access or Oracle, Form Tags: FORM, METHOD, Document Object Model. Active Server Pages (ASP): Concept of ASP, features of ASP. Variables: Explicit and implicit Declaration; Functions: String Manipulation Functions: Ucase (), Lease (), Len (), Left (), Right (), Mid (), Ltrim(), InStr(). Time & Date Functions: Date (), Day(), Hour(), Left(), Len(), Minute(), Month(), Monthname(), Now(); Arrays: Declaration and use of 1 dimensional and 2 dimensional arrays; Procedures and Functions, Passing parameters/ arguments; Connecting with Databases: Creation of DSN, using OLEDB.

UNIT 9: WEB SCRIPTING
Java Script , Event handling, Adding Java Script in an HTML Page. MULTIMEDIA AND AUTHORING TOOLS image Formats . TIFF, BMP, JPG/ JPEG, GIF, IC, PDF, PSD: Image Scanning with the help of scanner: Setting up Resolution, Size, File formats of images; image preview. Significance of POF-creation, modification; Animation, Morphing and Applications. Graphic Tools: Image Editing Software (Photoshop/ CorelDraw) Image Handling: Crossing an image, adjusting image size, saving an image; Layers: Adding layers, dragging and pasting selections on to layers, moving and copying layers, duplicating layers, deleting layers, merging layers. Opacity. Concept of Multimedia: Picture/ Graphics, Audio, Video; Sound: Recording Sound using Sound Recorder (Capture), Sound editing, Effect enhancement: Voice Recognition Software Philips/ Dragon, MIDI Player, Sound Recorder. Sound Quality: Radio Quality,
1. Movie File Formats: AVI, MPEG. Movie Frames: Concept of Frame, Frame Buffer,
2. Multimedia Authoring Using Macromedia Flash Making of Simple Flash Movie,

UNIT 10: COMMUNICATION AND NETWORK CONCEPTS
Evolution of Networking: Internet: Data Communication terminologies: Bandwidth (Hz, KHz, MHz) and Data transfer rate (bps, kbps, Mbps, Gbps, Tbps); Network devices: Modem, Ethernet Card, Hub, Switch, Router, Different Topologies- Bus, Tree; Concepts of LAN, WAN, MAN; Protocol: TCP/IP, Internet, Wireless/ Mobile Communication, GSM, Electronic Mail, Chat, Video Conferencing; Network Security Concepts: Cyber Law, Hackers and Crackers; Webpages: Hyper TEXT. markup Language (HTML), Hyper Text Transfer Protocol (HTTP); Website, Web Browser, Web Servers.

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